Individuals and organizations have plans well under way for celebrating the approaching millennium. Since you can be sure that most plans will involve alcohol, now seems like a good time to remind meeting planners about their organizations' potential liability when alcohol is served at their events. Here's the bottom line: Hosts face the threat of being held liable for the actions of their intoxicated guests. Such liability potentially includes damages for personal injuries to the intoxicated person and to third parties, as well as damages for property loss.

An organization can be held liable for damages resulting from having served alcohol under two principal codes: 1) statutory liability under state liquor liability laws,or 2) common law liability under the theory of social host liability. The former, often referred to as "dram shop acts," prohibit the sale or delivery of alcohol to any visibly intoxicated person or to minors. Although dram shop acts have traditionally applied only to commercial servers of alcohol (bars and liquor stores), courts often interpret them to apply to anyone who sells alcohol.

Common law liability applies directly to unlicensed servers of alcohol. Corporations and associations typically are unlicensed, noncommercial servers that can be--and are--held liable as social hosts.

Courts have not hesitated to impose liability on social hosts. So, when planning that big millennium bash or any function where liquor will be served, what's the prudent planner to do? Here's a six-pack of suggestions to help minimize potential liability.

1. Eliminate open bars, punch bowls, and beer kegs. The days of help-yourself bars are long over. Without supervision, guests are more likely to drink too much, substantially increasing the likelihood that they will injure themselves or others. Don't sponsor or host any event at which unsupervised drinking takes place. That includes informal gatherings in hospitality suites. Not only does unsupervised drinking lead to the likelihood of increased intoxication, but a judge or jury could later find that a failure to provide supervision amounted to negligence, a basis for imposing punitive damages.

2. Don't let alcohol be the sole focus of an event. Make sure there are sufficient amounts of food and nonalcoholic beverages available. This will reduce the probability that people leave the event inebriated.

3. Serve alcohol for a reasonable time. Alcohol should not be served for too long or too short a period of time. Avoid service intervals that do not allow guests to pace themselves, and don't make a "last call" announcement. Consider using a system that pro-ides some control over consumption. For example, even when drinks are free, give guests a limited number of drink tickets.

4. Hire a trained bartender. Never allow the organization's employees or members to serve drinks. If you hire a professional bartender, the bartender or his or her employer comes between you and potential liability. Professionals are trained to recognize when to stop serving some-one, and they tend to be covered by someone else's insurance.

5. Arrange designated drivers. Make arrangements with a service to provide transportation for guests who may have had too much to drink. Tell attendees about the service before the party.

6. Get insurance. You can't eliminate all potential liquor liability. It's prudent to obtain the appropriate insurance coverage. In addition, if the event is hosted at a hotel, convention center, or other facility, it helps to have the facility name the host organization as an additional insured.

This six-pack of rules really just comes down to good old-fashioned common sense. A preliminary dose of prudence can avoid later liability hangovers. And you can enjoy the party, too. Cheers.