When it comes to meetings with multinational attendees — whether held in the United States or elsewhere — logistics are everything. Foreign currencies, visas, contract clauses: There's a lot of ground to cover.

For domestic meetings, planners can specify registration fees in U.S. dollars, thereby transferring the risk of currency fluctuations to the foreign attendee. However, if registration fees are accepted through a credit card or an online system such as PayPal, the planner needs to be sure the fee processor is able to convert payments received from foreign attendees into U.S. dollars.

For a meeting outside the U.S., the planner must determine if financial obligations to hotels and other suppliers are to be settled in U.S. dollars or the local currency. Consider the euro, for example. Given the fact that its value against the U.S. dollar ranged from nearly $1.60 last July to $1.25 in mid-November, it's clear that the risk can be substantial. Such risk can be hedged by pre-paying some obligations at what is believed to be a favorable rate.

Visa Woes

Depending on where a meeting is held, some attendees may have to obtain visas, which can take a considerable amount of time. Under the U.S. Visa Waiver Program, citizens of nearly three dozen countries may enter this country for temporary business without obtaining a visa from the U.S. embassy in their home countries. However, under a new policy, even citizens from these countries will have to register online with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection agency before they are allowed to enter this country. Information requested in the online registration form is similar to what used to be collected on paper I-94 forms distributed on every flight entering the U.S.

For attendees from countries where visas must be obtained, meeting managers may be able to smooth the process by providing attendees with a “letter of invitation” that sets forth the nature of the meeting that the individual will be attending.

Planners should also be aware of Executive Order 13224. Issued in the wake of the 9-11 disaster, this presidential directive prohibits any U.S. citizen or company from conducting business with an individual or organization on the U.S. government's terrorist “watch list.” Because that list is quite extensive, compliance with the executive order is usually accomplished through contract language in which the hotel or foreign supplier certifies that it is not acting, directly or indirectly, for or on behalf of any individual or organization on the watch list.

Clauses to Consider

When holding a meeting outside the United States, planners should also understand that certain U.S. laws are not applicable. For example, foreign venues might not be obligated to provide the same level of disability accommodations required in the U.S. because of the Americans with Disabilities Act. If that is a factor, protective language should be included in the contract with the hotel or other venue.

Also, planners should understand that many foreign hotels, especially those that are not a part of U.S.-based chains, do not use contracts that are as detailed and comprehensive as documents typically seen here. Items such as attrition and cancellation damages may simply be omitted, as well as such familiar clauses as force majeure termination and dispute resolution.

In the event that a planner must cancel a meeting, the recourse for the foreign hotel may be litigation in this country, which is not practical. So in reality, liability may be minimized.

As is the case with all contracts, agreements with foreign hotels should be reviewed by knowledgeable individuals. n

James M. Goldberg is a principal in the Washington, D.C., law firm of Goldberg & Associates PLLC. His practice focuses on representing associations, corporations, and independent meeting planners. He is the author of The Meeting Planner's Legal Handbook.