The New Rules of Sponsorship The IRS has proposed new rules to determine whether corporate sponsorship of an event is subject to tax as unrelated business income.
Whether you are thinking about becoming a corporate sponsor or receiving such sponsorship, it is important to understand the new rules on corporate sponsorship, which the Internal Revenue Service expects to finalize soon. The IRS proposal focuses on the nature of the benefits received by a sponsor in return for its payment. Where a corporation makes a "qualified sponsorship payment," that is, a payment for which there is no expectation that the sponsor will receive a substantial benefit, the income received by the sponsored organization is not subject to tax as unrelated business income.
The proposed regulations provide that a "substantial return benefit" does not include (i) goods and services of "insubstantial value" (i.e., those having a fair market value of not more than 2 percent of the payment or $74, whichever is less); or (ii) an "acknowledgment" of the sponsor's trade or business. According to the proposed regulations, "acknowledgments" may include:
- Use of the sponsor's name or logo;
- List of the sponsor's locations, telephone numbers, and Internet address;
- Use of the sponsor's brand or trade names and product or service listings; and
- "Value-neutral" descriptions, displays, or distribution of the sponsor's products and/or services (those without qualitative or comparative descriptions).
Better to give than to receive? The IRS also proposes different treatment for "exclusive sponsor" and "exclusive provider" relationships. Specifically, there is no substantial return benefit if a sponsor has paid for the right to be the only sponsor of an exempt organization activity. In contrast, when a sponsor makes a payment on the condition that it be the exclusive provider of products or services, the IRS will consider the sponsor to have received a substantial return benefit.
In addition, under the proposal, when a sponsorship payment is contingent on an event's level of attendance, the sponsor may be deemed to have received a substantial return benefit. However, a sponsorship can be considered "qualified" when payment is contingent upon the activity taking place.
One big plus of the latest proposal is that when a sponsorship turns out to involve both qualified and nonqualified payments, the IRS will make an allocation: Only the nonqualified portion will be subject to tax. However, if the qualified and nonqualified payments are mixed, there is no allocation.
Ready for a pop quiz? Question: A local charity organizes a "Funfest," to which Company X makes a substantial donation. The charity hands out Company X T-shirts, and the banner flying over the entrance reads, "Funfest: Made Possible through a Major Grant from Company X." In addition, booths are set up offering free samples of Company's X's products. What are the tax consequences?
(a) Company X receives a substantial return benefit from the exposure of its name and products, and the entire payment is subject to unrelated business income tax.
(b) The entire payment is qualified. The charity's use of the Company X name and logo banner and T-shirts, as well as its distribution of Company X products, all constitute acknowledgments.
(c) An allocation must be made between the acknowledgments on the banner and T-shirts and the benefit Company X receives from having its products distributed.
Answer: (b). If, however, Company X made its payment on the condition that it would be the exclusive soft drink provider, (c) would be correct.
Tax-exempt organizations need to plan their sponsorship with care. From the IRS's perspective, it's more than the thought that counts.