During the past year, in response to security concerns and to trim the costs of cruising, cruise lines moved their vessels out of distant waters and back to North America. Many ships started sailing out of new or seldom-used domestic ports. Experts predict this trend to continue for the foreseeable future.

New for 2003:

—More than 14 ships will make more than 185 departures out of New York, once a busy harbor for passenger ships but in recent decades relatively idle. New York to Bermuda itineraries are increasingly popular.

—More cruise lines are sailing for Alaska from Seattle, a big boon for meeting planners tired of dealing with customs issues in Vancouver, the usual home port.

—Baltimore, Portland, Boston, Charleston, New Orleans, Galveston, Philadelphia, and Tampa are seeing more cruise line traffic.